An individual who provides care to someone who has a physical or mental health condition, or who is chronically ill or frail. Caregivers may be spouses, adult children, in-laws, parents, siblings, extended family members, friends, neighbors, or family of choice.
A person who receives care from an unpaid caregiver, paid care provider, or volunteer, either at home, in the community or in a facility.
A person who provides respite care and receives payment for it. Respite Providers can range from a personal care provider; a healthcare professional such as a nurse, occupational therapist (OT), physical therapist (PT), or other licensed clinical professional; homemakers; and companionship providers, to name a few. They may be employed, self-employed, or contracted to work in facilities or at the Care Recipient's home.
Types of Respite:
Formal, informal, in-home and out-of-home respite options may exist in your locality. Respite programs may utilize an available bed in a health care facility for families who require extended respite options and whose family member or friend requires skilled care; whereas, other respite programs may only offer time-limited (a few hours) services in the family's home. Respite services may be available to families through formal programs that hire and train their staff, or through informal networks (e.g., volunteer or faith-based initiatives, parent cooperatives, relatives and friends).
Respite services are usually offered on a sliding fee schedule, or there may be a combination of family fees, state, and federal funding, including Medicaid waivers, and/or private insurance. Providers may be paid or unpaid.
For more information on types of respite models please visit the ARCH National Respite Network and Resource Center ABCs of Respite: A Consumer Guide for Family Caregivers